Tuesday, October 3, 2017

Ancient Ocean Crossings

I just finished reading an excellent new 508 page book by Stephen C. Jett entitled Ocean Crossings: Reconsidering the Case for Contacts with the Pre-Columbian Americas, Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2017.
Important New Book
Jett is an emeritus professor of geography, textiles, and clothing at the University of California, Davis. He holds a PhD in geography from Johns Hopkins. He is the founding editor of Pre-Colombiana: A Journal of Long-Distance Contacts.

Jett acknowledges the pioneering work of his friend, John L. Sorenson (BYU emeritus), and Sorenson's collaborators, Martin H. Raish (BYU Idaho) and Carl L. Johannessen (University of Oregon emeritus).

Diffusionist literature is often scientifically shallow. Not this volume. Jett is source critical, balanced, and logical. This work is clearly a capstone to a lifetime of careful scholarship. The bibliography runs for 60 pages. The author lines up many standard isolationist arguments and knocks them over like pins in a bowling alley. Along the way, his erudition and common-sense practicality seldom fail to impress. His command of nautical terminology and the details of vessel design is extraordinary.

Jett is ably corroborated by Alice Beck Kehoe's earlier Traveling Prehistoric Seas: Critical Thinking on Ancient Transoceanic Voyages (London and New York: Routledge, 2016).
Another Important New Book
Kehoe is an emeritus professor of anthropology at Marquette.

A 2012 blog article describes a most interesting book by Stephen C. Compton entitled Exodus Lost. Compton marshals dozens of evidences to demonstrate a cultural connection between the Olmec of southern Mexico and the Hyksos who ruled Egypt between 1650 and 1550 BC.

Two 2015 blog articles talk about the important book from Brian D. Stubbs entitled Exploring the Explanatory Power of Semitic and Egyptian in Uto-Aztecan. The article "Uto-Aztecan" introduces Stubbs' thesis and the article "Semitic and Egyptian in Uto-Aztecan" shows the book.

Compton's 2011 book, Stubbs' 2015 book, and now Jett's 2017 book preceded by Kehoe's 2016 book combine to offer compelling evidence from multiple disciplines that ancient cultural contacts occurred between the Old World and the New.

For some observations from eminent Mesoamericanist Michael D. Coe (Yale, emeritus) on transoceanic cultural diffusion he sees from Southeast Asia into the Maya area, see the article "Hansen and Coe.

For dramatic validation of Jett's thesis, see the article "Peopling the Americas."